Canada's Vast Nature Scenery & Geography
nature scenery is truly all
encompassing: you’ll find mountains, volcanoes, prairies,
oceans, rivers, lakes,
tundra’s, glaciers, rain forests, deserts, islands, vineyards,
valleys, ravines, cliffs, hills, pastoral land, etc. Most of it is
still untouched nature.
Canada is the second
largest country in the world in land mass after Russia and it
occupies most (41%) of the northern portion of North
America. Though the total
land mass is close to 10,000,000 sq km, only a small portion of Canada
is populated, with the vast majority (85%) of the approximately 33
within 150 km of the southern border
it shares with the United States.
leaves the rest of the country mostly untouched by
development. Just pure Canadian wilderness and abundant nature
scenery, filled with wildlife
roaming about undisturbed in their own natural habitat... perfect for
explorers, adventurers, and nature lovers.
nature scenery has vegetation tapering from
coniferous forests to
tundra and finally to Arctic
barrens in the far north.
The northern Canadian mainland is mostly comprised of the mighty Canadian Shield, an
ice-scoured area of Precambrian rocks surrounding Hudson Bay and
covering half the country. It's also referred to as the Precambrian Shield,
named after the Precambrian Era of 100’s of Millions of years ago. The
Shield expands to 1000’s of square miles of exposed rock, tundra and
which spans from north of the Great Lakes up to the Arctic Ocean. Known as the only
part of North America
to have been permanently elevated above sea level, there
is an abundance of timber and minerals (ore) available throughout.
nature scenery offers 42
more than 225,000 square km of the surface,
which is 2.2% of the country's total land mass. The majority of
Canada's topography is mountainous,
and the main mountain region is referred to as the Western Cordillera.
It spans from western Canada's provinces of
British Columbia and Alberta, as well as the Yukon and Northwest
Territories. Every province has a different degree of mountainous
terrain, but the largest and most impressive include the Appalachians, the Coast
and Rocky Mountains of BC, and the St. Elias Mountains in the
Yukon, including Mount Logan, which is the highest point in Canada at
an elevation of 5,959 meters.
the other hand, Canada's nature scenery and topography goes from
mountains high to the
flatlands of the prairies
in Alberta and Saskatchewan, where the horizon literally
stretches for as far as the eye can see. Canada is also blessed with some of the
world's greatest growing land, where the agricultural industry
thrives throughout most of the country, making it a farmer's paradise.
It can also pride itself on
having the longest
coastline in the world at 243,000 km. This is no
surprise, considering that 4 of Canada's 10 provinces are islands
(Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia). Canada
also has more freshwater
lakes than any other country, which makes it home to a
large percentage of the entire world's freshwater supply.
Aside from mountain ranges and prairies, western
Canada's nature scenery includes large bodies of water, such as the
large Lake Winnipeg,
the mighty Fraser River,
the Saskatchewan river
(which drains into Lake Winnipeg), and the Mackenzie River. The
latter is the longest
river in Canada at 1,738 km, flowing from Great Slave Lake in
the Northwest Territories and emptying into the Arctic Ocean.
Slave Lake, Great Bear Lake, Lake Superior and Lake
Huron are the 4 largest lakes in Canada,
with Lake Superior and
Lake Huron being part of the “Great Lakes”. It consists of 5
bodies of water, of which 4 are located
in or are bordering Canada.
and Lake Erie are also part of the Great Lakes, as is
Michigan, which is the only one solely bordered within the USA. Canada is also home to
Ontario, as well as the
impressive Virginia Falls in the Northwest Territories.
This waterfall is twice as high, though not
nearly as grand, as the legendary Niagara Falls.
Eastern Canada boasts of the mighty Saint Lawrence River,
which widens into
the Gulf of Saint
Lawrence that extends to the island of Newfoundland.
and Nova Scotia
are divided by the Bay of Fundy,
which is known for experiencing some of the world's largest tidal activity.
vast and diverse geography expands from the Pacific Ocean to the
west, the Atlantic Ocean
to the east, and the Arctic
Ocean to the north, with the United States
southern border. From sea to sea to sea, and within its borders, there
is plenty of nature scenery to be seen in this beautiful country.
Canada comprises of ten provinces and three
territories. The nation's
capital is Ottawa in Ontario. Canada
is a Constitutional Monarchy, England is its Head of State, and the
Governor General is the Queen's representative in Canada, but the Prime
Minister governs the country. Canada is a sovereign
the Governor General's role is merely of constitutional and ceremonial
importance, although she is in fact the representative of the Queen,
who is the only member of the Royal Family with any constitutional
role, holding ultimate executive authority.
difference between the provinces and the territories is that the
province gets its power and authority directly from the Crown, whereas
the territories receive it from the federal government. Explore each
area to see what adventures (nature scenery
and wildlife) they have to offer. Each area of nature scenery and
wildlife is divided in the following geographical parts:
(including capitals and largest city):
Canada (Pacific Coast and the Prairies):
- British Columbia - Victoria - Vancouver
- Alberta - Edmonton - Calgary
- Saskatchewan - Regina - Saskatoon
- Manitoba - Winnipeg (capital is the largest city)
- Ontario - Toronto (this capital is also the largest city in the
country, followed by Montreal and Vancouver; Ottawa is the nation's
- Quebec - Quebec City - Montreal
Canada (including the Maritimes):
- Newfoundland and Labrador - St. John's (capital is the largest city)
- New Brunswick - Fredericton - Saint John (different from
- Nova Scotia - Halifax (capital is the largest city)
- Prince Edward Island (P.E.I.) - Charlottetown (capital is the largest
Note: Central and Atlantic Canada are also referred to as Eastern Canada.
(The capital is also the largest city, though
they're more like towns)
Yukon - Whitehorse
- Norhtwest Territories - Yellowknife
- Nunavet - Iqaluit*
the spelling, because some people tend to add a U after the Q in
Iqaluit (meaning many fish), whereas adding the U makes a world of
difference; it changes the meaning of the word and is not a very nice
term (Iqualuit, meaning people with unwashed behinds). So be careful
with the spelling, because it might offend some people. :)
Note: The three territories may also be referred to as Northern Canada, or,
when talking about the Far
North, the Canadian
Arctic or the Great
all of its beautiful nature scenery (YouTube) and
structural makeup within such a large boundary, Canada
is truly a geographic wonder.
From Coast to Coast, with every province feeling like a new country,
Canada takes pride in such a diverse landscape, it makes it one of the
beautiful, most livable countries in the world! So, go on and
explore its vast landscape and majestic nature scenery. :)
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